Constantly renovating itself according to the changing circumstances of the world during the both periods of Ottoman Empire and the Republic, the Ministry of Interior which has a deep rooted position in Turkey's Public Administration system is one of the ministries that have undertaken and fulfilled crucial duties in the life of the Turkish State and society.
Our Ministry, which is responsible for providing homeland security and public order, ensuring public peace, managing the general administration of the provinces, supervising the local administrations as the tutelage authority acting on behalf of the central administration and helping these local administrations improve, carrying out the civil registration and citizenship procedures and deploying civil defense services in cases of possible wars and natural disasters, accomplishes these crucial duties through its central and provincial organizations.
The roots of the Ministry of Interior date back to the establishment of Chamberlain of the Grand Vizier, namely the Sadrazam Kethüdalığı. The Chamberlain of the Grand Vizier which was a branch of the State Organization before the Tanzimat reform Erain the Ottoman Empire gained more importance in the course of time and after various alterations, it constituted the basis of today's Ministry of the Interior. These alterations can be summarized as follows:
In the Republican Period, as and when necessary, certain changes and adaptations were made to the Ministry's central and provincial branches so as to make sure that the Ministry would have the capacity to comply with today's requirements and needs. Ministry of the Interior finally reached today's organizational structure by means of the regulations performed at the end of 1983 and the continuity of this most recent structure was ensured by the law no. 3152 enacted on 14 February 1985.*The Tanzimat was a period of reform in the Ottoman Empire that lasted from 1839 to 1876. The term means 'reorganization' in Turkish. (websters online dictionary)